Hoa Binh is 82km to the Southwest of Hanoi, bordering Phu Tho to the North; Ha Nam and Ninh Binh to the South; and Son La and Thanh Hoa to the West. The climate of this district is representative for tropical monsoon, which is pretty cold and less rain in winter and hot and rainy in summer. The temperature here is between 15 to 29 Celsius Degrees, depending on seasons.
The province was established on 22/6/1886 with its first name “Muong Province” and then was officially re-named Hoa Binh on 18/3/1891 by the Governors of French Indochina. Through many separations and mergence, parts of Hoa Binh now become a portion of Hanoi.
Hoa Binh is also one of the most ancient lands in the world where human life is proven to existed here since 10,000 – 2,000 BCE.
HOA BINH - DESTINATION OF ECOTOURISM
Although Hoa Binh’s geographical characteristics cause it many difficulties in developing its infrastructure and economy, the accumulated mountainous topography here is really a Godsend in term of tourist attraction. Together with average-high mountains are green valleys; surrounded by primitive forests with thousand species of rare plants and animal and hundreds of fanciful caves and streams that offer tourists numbers of tours like adventurous hiking, walking, hunting or hot spring.
Going 30km further from Hoa Binh Town, travelers may recognize a bunch of hotels and inns which offer hot-spring service on both side of the road. The area is lucky to have the source of mineral water from Kim Boi hot-spring. Mineral water here is always naturally kept at 36oC and is proven to be able to drink and bath. More interesting, the water may help healing diseases like arthritis, gastritis, and hypertension.
Thung Nai is another ideal spot for ecotourism which ones can get there by travelling on romantic green surface of Da River through winding currents and wonderful view along its sides. Thung Nai is especially suitable for tourists who seek for peaceful relaxing time with family or friends, forgetting all about the stresses of busy life and enjoying stunning natural wonder. Thung Nai is also regarded as “Ha Long Bay on land”.
Other ecotourism destinations for travelers in Hoa Binh are Da Bac and Luong Son District with primitive sceneries. However, tourism there is not as developed as the first two sites.
HOA BINH - DESTINATION OF CULTURAL TOURISM
With the background of being an ancient land, Hoa Binh is not lack of antique and historic relics, in fact, the province honorably preserve 37 national relics and 18 regional vestiges. The residents here consist mainly of Muong ethnic group and various ethnic minorities such as Thai, Yao, Tay and Hmong. This contributes a lots to the cultural diversity of this mountainous province as well as the development of its tourism industry.
At present, there are more than 50 ethnic tourism hamlets within Hoa Binh available to visitors both inside and outside Vietnam. Lác Village and Muong Village are the most well-known sites that have been officially developed for cultural and ecotourism by Hoa Binh Authorities. Besides, visitors are advised to visit Culture Tourism Village in Dong Mo, Son Tay, Hoa Binh. The village is composed of Vietnamese ethnic traditional architecture, established with the purpose to preserve and promote Vietnamese culture to the world.
Coming to Hoa Binh on Tet Holiday, ones may have chances to attend a wide range of festivals organized by the locals in different areas and by different ethnic groups. To illustrate Chua Tien Festival in Lac Thuy Prefecture, “Khai Ha” Carnival of Muong Bi people and “Xen Ban Xen Muong” Carnival of Thai ethnic group.